Entrepreneurial intention and action are driven by several common factors, such as:
Demographic variables (age, gender, and geographical location)
Personal characteristics (attitude towards risk, open mindedness, and optimism)
Human capital (education, experience, exposure to diversified cultures, religions, and ethnicities)
Macroeconomic environment (level and growth of GDP, unemployment rate, level of ICT usage)
“Entrepreneurial intention represents a
cognitive manifestation of individuals
materialized in their desire to act in the
creation of a new company or within
existing firms, prior to the identification of
business opportunities” (Fini et al., 2009).
The present study has two main strengths:
It deals with a reasonably large sample, representative of the youth population of 25 countries worldwide.
It provides an opportunity for a deeper understanding of the relationship between entrepreneurial intention and various demographic, social, economic, and behavioral variables, as well as their impact on entrepreneurial activity.
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